Efficiency of a planned site layout is essential for the successful completion of construction projects. Despite considerable research undertaken for optimizing construction site layouts, most models developed for this purpose have neglected the mutual impacts of the site layout and construction operation variables and are unable to thoroughly model these impacts.
Site layout plan is required for the management of the construction site andoperations. A well-developed site layout has positive impact on workers, workingenvironment, productivity and eventual success of a project.
The majority of construction projects, especially large ones, experience time delays, cost overruns, productivity loss, and/or accidents. This is particularly so in case of congested and disorganized sites that contain obstacles that affect workers’ productivity and safety. Effective site layout planning, therefore, is one of the most important project management tasks, and has a significant impact on all aspects of construction, including safety, productivity, site operations, and ultimately time and cost. Site layout planning is a complex process that determines the best location for the needed site facilities (e.g., workshops, storage areas, equipment, etc.) needed to execute the project, so that productivity and safety are optimized.